CONTENTS № 9/2020
ON THE 75-TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT VICTORY
УДК 94 (47) «1941/1945»
Antonenko L.A. (VIMS, compiler)
VIMS’ WAR CHILDREN
The article contains the memoirs of VIMS employees — children of war. Their memory has preserved vivid childhood impressions of those difficult years. Subsequently, they devoted their lives to work in the geological branch.
Keywords: Great Patriotic War, children of war, VIMS.
GEOLOGY & METHODICS OF PROSPECT & EXPLORATION OF DEPOSITS
Rikhvanov L.P. (National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University) // email@example.com
Peregudina E.V. (National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MONACYT — AS A SOURCE OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY METALS
The article is devoted to to the study of monazite, cerium phosphate, which contains other rare — earth elements, thorium and uranium at mineable concentrations. The article presents original geochemical data in the study of monazites from strategic stock reserves of placers various types. We investigated both alluvial (the Tarakskaya placer) and embedded seashore (Tuganskoe, Obukhovskoe and other deposits of Western Siberia) placers. In addition, we studied modern beach sands from India and Azov Sea. Kularite from gold placers of Yakutia, a unique type of ovoid monazite, is discussed in detail as a possible source of high-tech metals.
Keywords: monazite, cularite, geochemistry, rare earths, uranium, thorium, economic importance.
УДК 552.3.552.322.552.332 (575.14)
Ishbaev Kh.D. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics named after Kh.M. Abdullaev at the University of Geological Sciences, Tashkent) // email@example.com
Kosbergenov K.M. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics named after Kh.M. Abdullaev at the University of Geological Sciences, Tashkent) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Ileshov K.M. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics named after Kh.M. Abdullaev at the University of Geological Sciences, Tashkent) // email@example.com
Utamuradov E.A. (Institute of Geology and Geophysics named after Kh.M. Abdullaev at the University of Geological Sciences, Tashkent) // firstname.lastname@example.org
LAMPROPHYRE MAGMATISM OF WESTERN UZBEKISTAN
The distribution areas and localization conditions of mediumbasic dikes and lamprophyres within the ore fields of Western Uzbekistan are considered. Manifestations of lamprophyre magmatism in Western Uzbekistan in association with mediumbasic and acidic dikes are conditionally divided into three age groups and a correlation diagram of the dyke belts of the Nurata and Central Kyzylkum has been made. Based on the presence of xenoliths and geophysical data, a model of the deep structure of the Nurata region is constructed. The problems of the existence of lamprophyre magmas, their independence, genesis, and the relationship with mineralization are discussed.
Keywords: postcollisional magmatism, intra plate, lamprophyre, small intrusions, dyke, genesis, mineralization, upper mantle.
HYDROGEOLOGY & GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
Boreysha E.V. (MGCU) // email@example.com
TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY OF KARST DIP INNER SURFACE
This article discusses the results of a topographic survey performed by the standard method, in which the part visible for the survey was only 30% of the entire surface, and the results of the survey using a two mirror reflector on the opposite edge, remotely tilted from a safe position by an assistant observer, a two-mirror reflector. This reflector makes it possible to obtain the coordinates of the points by looking down with an inclination angle of more than 90°, which made it possible to remove 100% of the inner surface of the karst mine. The methodology of work is described, device diagrams and surveys of the inner surface of the karst mine are presented. The formulas for calculating coordinates are given. For comparison, two figures with contour lines obtained by direct survey of an object with a total station and shooting with a beam refraction of two mirror reflectors are presented.
TECHNIQUES & TECHNOLOGY
Levchenko E.N. (IMGRE) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Klyucharev D.S. (IMGRE) // email@example.com
NON-CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF CRITICAL RARE METALS
The paper considers the conception of «critical metals» in comparison with the Russian group of strategic metals. An estimation of Russian security on strategic rare metals is given. The provision of resources and the share of active resources in meeting the needs of the Russian industry are considered. An assessment of the availability of rare metals for the future implementation of strategic plans for the development of the rare metals industry is given. Non-conventional sources of rare metals of various potentially industrial types are briefly characterized, the main technological characteristics of ores are given. Conclusions are drawn about the sufficiency of the mineral and raw materials base of rare critical metals for the prospective development of Russian industry. Possible measures for the recovery of the rare metal industry in Russia are proposed.
Keywords: critical metals, rare metals, non-conventional sources, provision of resources, development scenarios.
Malskiy K.C. (MGRI-RGGRU) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Borovkov Yu.A. (MGRI-RGGRU) // email@example.com
Vercheba A.A. (MGRI-RGGRU) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Gurina K.M. (MGRI-RGGRU) // email@example.com
DETERMINING THE SIZE OF THE BREEDING DEFENSE ZONE TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE RELIEF OF THE CAREER CONTOUR
The article describes the impact of quarrying ore deposits on the stress-strain state and softening of the pit rock mass to determine the size of the zone of softening of rocks taking into account the relief contour of the carrer. Many experts believe that the main factors affecting the extraction rates in the instrument zone are the stress-strain state of the rock mass being mined by underground work, their strength and deformation characteristics. The analysis of existing methods for determining the stable parameters of the chambers showed that they do not take into account such a factor as the contour of the surface of the slope of the side of the quarry, determining the amount of power in the softening zone of the instrument rock mass and this fact leads to an increase in losses and dilution of the broken ore. The article describes the problem of the influence of the open pit profile on the size of the softening zone due to the unloading of the rock mass located on board and under the bottom of the pit. The scheme of calculating the size of the zone of softening of rocks in the board and under the bottom of the quarry is given.
Keywords: career, instrument array, rocks, breeding zones, side of the career, bevel angle, stress-strain state.
MANAGEMENT & ECONOMICS
УДК 66.014+669 71.053
Kustov Yu. E. (VIMS) //firstname.lastname@example.org
Remizova L.I. (VIMS) //email@example.com
ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ALUMINUM RAW MATERIAL IN SIBERIA
The possibility of using non-bauxite aluminum raw materials in Siberia are considered. Geological characteristics of deposits of bauxites, nephelines, kaolin and refractory clays in Siberia are given. Availability of creation of alumina plant in Siberia on reserves of kaolin and refractory clays estimated.
Keywords: aluminum, alumina, bauxite, nepheline, kaolin, refractory clay, deposit, resources, reserves.
BOWELS PROTECTION & ECOLOGY
Slashcheva A.V. (MGRI-RGGRU) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Smirnov I.N. (MGRI-RGGRU) // email@example.com
SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEM ON THE TERRITORY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Millions of tons of MSW are produced in the Russian Federation Every year. Almost the entire volume of garbage can be recycled. However, in Russia, most municipal waste is simply stored in landfills, the area of which is constantly increasing. This method of waste disposal is not rational both from the economic and environmental side. Therefore, the issue of proper processing of MSW requires close attention of the authorities and environmental services.
Keywords: solid municipal waste, incineration plants, waste disposal, environmental pollution.
Belan L.N. (LLC «NIIBZHD», Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Bashkir State University, Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Farkhutdinov I.M. (Bashkir State University, Republic of Bashkortostan) // email@example.com
ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY IN THE GEOLOGICAL AND MINING INDUSTRIES
The Minamata Convention on Mercury, was developed under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) — is a global agreement to protect human health and the environment from the negative effects of mercury, and adopted in 2013. Russia joined the Convention in 2014. The document was named in the memory of the victims of Minamata disease, which was first diagnosed in 1956 in Japanese residents living in the area of the bay of the same name. Enterprize of Chisso Company dumped mercury-containing waste into water of the bay for many years, resulting in the supertoxicant accumulating in the human body along the food chain with severe consequences for the health of the population of this area. The state of the problem of mercury pollution in the areas of activity of enterprises of geological exploration and mining, creating conditions for them to fulfill their obligations to implement the provisions of the Convention, is practically not covered in periodic scientific publications. The authors of this article assume that the problem of mercury pollution of the environment as a result of industrial geological activities is still relevant and requires constant attention of the relevant environmental services. The authors set the task — to show the status of the problem of mercury contamination in the view of the need to meet obligations to implement the provisions of the Convention on the example of geological and mining industry of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Keywords: Republic of Bashkortostan, environment, gold, mercury, amalgamation, technogenic soil, waste pile, bottom sediments.
УДК 553.497/499 (235.216)
Pechenkin I.G. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
SOUTH FERGANA ANTIMONY-MERCURY BELT: HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT
The southern mountain frame of the Fergana Valley is characterized by numerous deposits and ore occurrences of solid minerals. The study of archaeological materials and literary sources made it possible to establish the history of the development of the region over the centuries. Ore deposits usually contain toxic elements that get into the atmosphere, water and soil during extraction and processing.
Keywords: mercury, antimony, Kadamzhai, Khaidarkan, ecology.