CONTENTS № 4/2018
GEOLOGY & METHODICS OF PROSPECT & EXPLORATION OF DEPOSITS
Savchuk Yu.S. (IGEM RAN) // firstname.lastname@example.org
ABOUT THE INDICATOR VALUE OF THE GOLDEN ROSSIPS OF THE NORTH OF GUYANA
Present article attempts to examine the prospects of gold mining development in the Republic of Guyana on the basis of available published data and personal experience of one of the authors from conducting the expert prospecting on the placer deposits of North Guyana (Mathews Ridge area). The main Guyana’s gold deposits are located in greenstone belt, controlled by endocontacts of granitoid intrusions and are accompanied by numerous rich placers. These placers are the objects for small scale and artisanal mining and provide a significant proportion of the Guyana’s extracted gold. It is established that the studied area of the placer gold is confined to complications large granitoid intrusions and it’s satellites among the shale strata. Such placers serve as a direct indication of undiscovered bedrock gold deposits.
Keywords: Guyana, Greenstone belt, gold, placer, quartz, bedrock deposits.
УДК 553.5: 549 (470.42)
Petrochenkov D.A. (MGRI-RGGRU) // email@example.com
Ruzhitskiy V.V. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MINERALOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF JEWELRY PYRITE FROM THE CRETACEOUS DEPOSITS OF ULYANOVSK REGION
Gemological descriptions of spectro-pyrite – chuses of pyrite with bright many-coloured tarnish used in jewelry articles were studied for the first time. The chuses of spectro-pyrite are formed in marl biscuits collected from argillaceous deposits of Aption in Ulyanovsk region. The veinlets of spectro-pyrite, according to radiographical analysis consist from pyrite and dispersive calcite. Anhydrite and bassanite are fixed in them. It was established by carried out electronic-microscopic researches that facets of pyrite under oxidizing processes are exposed to intensive etching with formation of the superfine crusts and pellicles mainly oxides and hydroxides of iron. The colour of pyrites surface is connected with interference of light on pellicular formations and is defined by their mineral composition and thickness.
Keywords: jewelry-decorative stones, pyrite, spectro-pyrite, Ulyanovsk region.
Budarina T.V. (Rosgeologiya, VNIGRIugol) // email@example.com
Antipova A.P. (Rosgeologiya, VNIGRIugol) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Mironova E.V. (Rosgeologiya, VNIGRIugol) // email@example.com
Leonov S.S. (Rosgeologiya, VNIGRIugol) // firstname.lastname@example.org
EMPLOYMENT OF 3-D MODELING AT THE SEARCH STAGE OF GEOLOGICAL-PROSPECTING WORKS ON COAL
The possibilities of 3-D geological modeling in the environment ArcGIS of coal objects (plots of search works) of the South-Yakutian basin and Eastern Donbas are presented. The informatonal technology of modeling based on the factographic database on boreholes and 2-D digital models is described. The constructed 3-D models can be used for amplification of geological structure of coal-bearing strata and quantitative express-estimation of coal resources at allotting of licence plots.
Keywords: coal object, 3-D modeling, informational technology, database, geological structure, coal resources.
Verba M.L. (MAGE) // email@example.com
Ivanov G.I. (MAGE) // firstname.lastname@example.org
FORECASTS AND OPENING OF OIL ON SPITSBERGEN
In the early 1990 years, a number of oil and gas deposits were discovered in the wells on the bank of the Petunia bay in gypsum-carbonate deposits of Carboniferous age. These findings led to a review of the available geological information and a reassessment of the archipelago’s prospects in the oil and gas bearing respect. The possibility of new discoveries of hydrocarbon deposits on Russian sites is justified on it by available data on the structure of the section, the presence of reservoirs and fluids in it, the spread of oil and gas manifestations, and is confirmed by regional prerequisites and comparisons. The inconsistency of the traditional skeptic attitude to the probability of finding clusters of hydrocarbon raw materials here is shown, which is determined to a large extent by opportunistic considerations.
Keywords: Spitsbergen, oil and gas, PMGRE, Sevmorgeo, NIIGA.
УДК 553.411.071, 550.83
Tatkov I.G. (Geological Institute SB RAS, Ulan-Ude) // email@example.com
Damdinov B.B. (Geological Institute SB RAS, Ulan-Ude) // firstname.lastname@example.org
GEOLOGYCAL AND GEOPHYSICAL MODEL OF KHARANUR GOLD DEPOSIT IN WEATHERING CRUST (SOUTH–EASTERN PART OF EASTERN SAYAN)
As a result of complex geological and geophysical work on the territory of the Kharanur gold ore formation in 2013-2014, a unique material on the geological structure and reflection of known structural elements in geophysical fields has been collected on the drilling profiles. Based on the results of processing with the use of detailed drilling data, the main advantages and disadvantages of the geophysical methods used were determined and a comprehensive geological and geophysical prospecting model of gold deposits in weathering crusts known in the territory of the Eastern Sayan was compiled.
Keywords: Eastern Sayan, Kharanur, gold, weathering crust, geophysical method, electroprospecting, geophysical modeling.
HYDROGEOLOGY & GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
Loginov A.A. (NTPC CENOMANIAN) // Login1951@mail.ru
TYPICAL DRAWBACKS ALLOWED WHEN PERFORMING STUDIES TO THE GEOLOGICAL AND HYDROGEOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL OF WASTES AT DESIGNATED SUBSOIL
The shortcomings of the study of subsoil plots for burial of wastes, including questions of methodology of experimental-filtration works and results processing.
Keywords: landfill, industrial waste, development of filtration, absorbent reservoir bed, filter settings, depression, re-press.
TECHNIQUES & TECHNOLOGY
УДК (696.6+628.9 622.143) (075.8)
Limitovskiy A.M. (MGRI-RGGRU) // Bashkurov_A@inbox.ru
Bashkurov A.Yu. (MGRI-RGGRU) // Bashkurov_A@inbox.ru
CENTRALIZED ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SYSTEMS AT THE FACILITIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MINERAL RESOURCES
The paper discusses the varieties of modern domestic electrical equipment is most appropriate for the conditions of the work associated with the development of the objects of the mineral complex and a typical supply scheme. The aim of this work is the search for varieties of electrical equipment for doing works on the objects of the mineral complex.
Keywords: centralized power supply system.
MANAGEMENT & ECONOMICS
Tokar O.V. (VIMS) // email@example.com
CONSUMPTION AND PRIMARY ZINC PRODUCTION IN RUSSIA
Russian consumption and primary production of zinc are considered. The main characteristics of the products at different stages of processing of mined material and the requirements for its quality in Russia are given. The production indicators of the main producers of zinc, zinc concentrates and ores are given.
Keywords: zinc, zinc concentrate, consumption, production, mining.
BOWELS PROTECTION & ECOLOGY
Farkhutdinov I.M. (Bashkir State University) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Belan L.N. (Research Institute of Safety of Life in the Republic of Bashkortostan) // email@example.com
Farkhutdinov A.M. (Bashkir State University) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Ismagilov R.A. (Bashkir State University, Institute of Geology Ufa Science Center RAS) // email@example.com
Bogdan E.A. (Research Institute of Safety of Life in the Republic of Bashkortostan) // firstname.lastname@example.org
UNESCO GEOPARK AS A POTENTIAL OF CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
The organization of the World Network of National Geoparks has been implemented by UNESCO since 2004 as part of the International Geoscience Program aimed at the interaction of the natural sciences, education and culture. Today in 33 countries of the world there are 119 geoparks. In the Russian Federation there are currently no geoparks under the auspices of UNESCO, and their creation carries a great potential for cultural, scientific and economic development of the country. The current year 2017, announced as the year of ecology in Russia, is designed to draw public attention to environmental problems and the long overdue need to create geoparks in the country.
Keywords: geopark, UNESCO, natural monument, Southern Urals, Bashkortostan.
Krinochkinа О.C. (Research Moscow state construction University) // KrinochkinaOK@mgsu.ru
THE INFLUENCE OF GEOLOGICAL-MINEROGENIC AND ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS ON THE STATE OF THE HYDROSPHERE ELABORATING OF DEPOSITS
Causes of chemical contamination of the hydrosphere are shown by the exmples a number of various solid mineral deposits. By considering the initial geological and mineragenic factors of influence on the state of the hydrosphere and man-made as they are aggravating. Under the first refers to the composition of ores and host rocks with their near-ore changes, and fracture; the second is the actual elaborate of deposits, mining of ores and some of the conditions of storage of tailings.
Keywords: elaborating of deposits, the hydrosphere, the composition of rocks and ores.
Zheleznyak M.N. (Institute of permafrostology of P.I. Melnikov of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science) // email@example.com
Misaylov I.E. (Institute of permafrostology of P.I. Melnikov of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Shatz M.M. (Institute of permafrostology of P.I. Melnikov of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science) // email@example.com
THE ECOLOGICAL AND GEOCRYOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE TOMTOR FIELD (NORTH-WESTERN YAKUTIA)
The ecologic-geocryological conditions of the Tomtor deposit are described, it is unique regarding the sources of rare elements in the North of Siberia. The deposit has an unfavorable geographical position, but the economic efficiency of its development is obvious. New data on the results of geocryological studies of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute of SB RAS are given.
Keywords: ecological and geocryological conditions of the deposit, concentration and resources of new types of ores, unfavorable geographical position.