CONTENTS № 8/2021
GEOLOGY & METHODICS OF PROSPECT & EXPLORATION OF DEPOSITS
Primenko V.V. ( Polymetal UK, Eastern Integrated Research Institute of FEO RAS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Glukhov A.N. ( Eastern Integrated Research Institute of FEO RAS) // email@example.com
SOME QUESTIONS OF GEOCHEMICAL PROSPECTING
The article highlights some problems arising in the production of geological exploration and possible solutions. We substantiate an optimality of work with square networks of lithochemical sampling at the regional and early stages of prospecting. This is primarily due to the emergence of MMI, MASF and analog methods.
Keywords: prospecting work, lithochemical sampling, square sampling networks
УДК 553.689.2.061.62 (470.57)
Akhmanov G.G. (TSNIIgeolnerud) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Egorova I.P. (TSNIIgeolnerud) // email@example.com
Bulatkina T.A. (TSNIIgeolnerud) // firstname.lastname@example.org
THE PROBLEM OF PROVIDING THE INDUSTRY WITH HIGH-QUALITY BARITE RAW MATERIALS, WAYS OF ITS SOLUTION
The problem of industry providing high-quality barite raw materials is proposed to solve by mastering the hypergenged type deposits. Typification of the latter, conditions for their education, recommendations for the search are given.
Keywords: barite, hypergene, weathering crust, deposit, ore occurrence, residual, alluvial, beneficiation, high quality raw material.
УДК 553.3.041:553.94 (575.1)
Omonov Kh.A. (Uzbekistan temir yullari) // email@example.com
VALUABLE ELEMENTS IN COAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN
An overview of the metallicity of coals of the Republic of Uzbekistan is given. The coals of the region are characterized by high rare metal potential. Numerous rare metal-coal deposits and manifestations different in composition and nature have been identified. Germanic and scandinous coals are of economic importance. Potentially promising are germanium and scandium containing, gold-bearing and complex rare metalcoal deposits. Coals are characterized by increased REE content compared to carbon clark. The main regularities of distribution and conditions of REM accumulation in coal deposits have been studied.
Keywords: coal, rare and rare-earth elements, patterns of distribution, storage conditions, forms of location, metallicity, complex deposits, Uzbekistan.
Gresov A.I. . (V.I. Il’ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Yatsuk A.V. . (V.I. Il’ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) // email@example.com
Okulov A.K. (V.I. Il’ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) // firstname.lastname@example.org
GAS SOURCES OF HYDROCARBON GASES OF BOTTOM SEDIMENTS IN THE OUTER SHELF OF THE EAST SIBERIAN SEA AND PODVODNIKOV BASIN OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN
Data on the composition, genesis of hydrocarbon gases and hydrocarbon saturation of bottom sediments on the outer shelf of the East Siberian Sea and Podvodnikov Basin of Arctic Ocean are presented. Isotope-gas-geochemical indicators have been determined, the values of which indicate the dominance of epigenetic (migratory) gases from various gas sources in bottom sediments. It has been established that the indicators of the isotopic composition carbon of methane and ethane, molecular weight and gas-geochemical coefficients of hydrocarbon gases of the studied bottom sediments are close in values to hydrocarbon gases of coal-gas-bearing formations, magmatic formations, solid bitumen, condensate-gas, gas-condensate, oil and gas, gas-oil, oil accumulations and coal-oil reservoirs East of Russia. Based on the data obtained, an assessment of the prospects for the oil and gas content of the study area was made.
Keywords: bottom sediments, hydrocarbon gases, isotope-gas-geochemical indicators, genesis, oil and gas potential, East Siberian Sea, Arctic Ocean.
УДК 528.88+551.439±553 (571.15)
Abushkevich S.A. (OOO «Laboratory of remote forecasting of mineral deposits») // email@example.com
Arrestova T.A. (OOO «Laboratory of remote forecasting of mineral deposits») // firstname.lastname@example.org
Volin K.A. (St. Petersburg State University. Institute of Earth Sciences) // email@example.com
DESCRIPTION AND ORE POTENTIAL OF THE ULUGTAIGA IMPACT STRUCTURE (EASTERN SAYANS)
Remote sensing features, structure, and ore potential of the Ulug-Taiga impact structure are presented. The ring structure — previously not evaluated as an impact structure — is described as a supposably an astrobleme. Its possible ore potential is considered.
Keywords: impact structure, impactor, target, meteorite, Landsat, NDVI, NDWI, structural and spectral remote sensing, thrusts, ore prospects.
HYDROGEOLOGY & GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
УДК 553.98 (575.13)
Zhuraev M.R. ((Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Uzbekistan, Tashkent) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Bimurzaev G.A. ((Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Uzbekistan, Tashkent) // email@example.com
FEATURES OF HYDROSULFURIC WATERS FORMATION AND TECHNIQUE FOR FORECASTING PROSPECTIVE AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN
The method of forecasting prospective areas of hydrogen sulfide water formation is described. Geological factors were studied and analyzed in order to clarify the features of the formation of hydrogen sulfide water. Specific natural geological features were identified for each artesian basin. Features of the formation of hydrogen sulfide water in each artesian basin are given. It was clarified that hydrogen sulfide waters are formed due to a biochemical process in the Ferghana and Surkhandarya artesian basins, and in the Bukhara-Khiva due to a thermochemical process. Promising areas of hydrogen sulfide water formation with a complex of specific natural features are recommended. The perspective areas of the southern part of the Ferghana basin, the South-Eastern part of the Surkhandarya basin, as well as almost all the territories (the main Charjou stage) of the Bukhara-Khiva basin are outlined.
Keywords: specific features, geological factors, oxidative reaction, water pressure system, geostructural factor, tectonic disturbance, hydrogen sulfide waters, discharge of reservoir water, oil field.
TECHNIQUES & TECHNOLOGY
Neskoromnykh V.V. (Siberian Federal University) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Elovykh P.F. (Gazprom nedra, Krasnoyarsk) // email@example.com
Lysakov D.V. (Siberian Federal University) // firstname.lastname@example.org
EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR DRILLING ADDITIONAL WELLS WITH WHIPSTOCK OF CONTINUOUS ACT (ION IN HARD ROCKS)
Efficient technologies for collaring additional borehole based on the use of whipstock of continuous action of a milling type, which require minimal time consumption and do not create potential emergencies, are considered. The results of the analysis of the production of work on drilling new directions from an artificial bottom, the results of developments aimed at increasing the efficiency of work on drilling new boreholes in hard rocks are presented. A description of the use of an artificial bottomhole formed on the surface and consisting of wood, taking into account the decrease in its drillability when using a rock cutting tool for drilling hard rocks, is given.
Keywords: drilling, drilling a new hole, additional borehole, milling, bit, rock, artificial hole.
Arteeva E.A. (OOO MAR consult) // email@example.com
Gandzhumyan R.A. (MGRI-RGGRU) // firstname.lastname@example.org
STATISTICAL METHODS FOR IDENTIFYING HYDROCARBON INTERVALS IN WELL SECTIONS
The purpose of the research is to provide a more accurate assessment of the content of hydrocarbons in the layers of productive formations of the Samotloroskoye field AB1-3, AB4-5, БВ8 using the method of principal components in conjunction the method of composite indicator of hydrocarbon composition. The scientific novelty consists in the development of a generalizing characteristic of the ranking of hydrocarbons by classes, taking into account 10 parameters at once, and the combination of the results obtained with the identification of objects by the method of composite indicator of hydrocarbon composition. As a result, it becomes possible, by the geometric position of the new object, to determine the belonging of the hydrocarbon to the saturation class and to resolve controversial questions about the belonging of the identified hydrocarbon in the reservoir to a specific class.
Keywords: Samotlor field, gas-saturated rocks, condensate-saturated rocks rocks, oil and gas saturated rocks rocks, logging, the method of principal component analysis, classification of productive layers.
MANAGEMENT & ECONOMICS
УДК: 553.982.2′ 494:622.7(470.13)
Leontev L.I. (Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Director of NTIO-Center LLC V.I. Vlasenko, Ukhta) // email@example.com
PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TITANIUM POTENTIAL OF THE YAREG DEPOSIT
The Yaregskoye field is operated as an oil field, at the same time it is the largest titanium deposit in Russia, sufficiently prepared for industrial development for its extraction. The complex of factors is briefly considered: the reserves of the field, the study of the field and its readiness for development, the possibility of industrial implementation of the proposed new technology for the enrichment of petroleum titanium raw materials and the production of titanium dioxide, the results of the feasibility study of the construction project of the first stage of the mining and chemical complex. This review determines the prospects for the implementation of a large innovative project for the construction of a modern high-tech enterprise on the basis of the Yareg field.
Keywords: Yareg deposit, titanium, concentrate, titanium dioxide, project, mining and chemical production.
BOWELS PROTECTION & ECOLOGY
Krinochkina O.K. (NIU MGSU) // KrinochkinaOK@mgsu.ru
Krinochkin L.A. (IMGRE) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Stulov V.G. (Labware LLC) // email@example.com
CHEMICAL AND RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS DURING OIL PRODUCTION
The article is devoted to the assessment of chemical and radioactive contamination of natural environments during the production of hydrocarbons (HC). At the same time, the main emphasis is placed on the pollution of ground and surface water, bottom sediments and soils. This article examines little-known facts of direct and indirect impact of hydrocarbon production with long-term consequences for the natural environment. Radioactive contamination was traced in soils, ground and surface waters, and in the Republic of Bashkortostan also in drinking waters. It has been established that in the areas affected by oil production, the aspects of chemical pollution include: deterioration of the quality of groundwater as a result of the ingress of associated water and oil products into aquifers in violation of the technology of drilling oil and gas wells, soil salinization as a result of frequent gusts during the operation of technological equipment. Aspects of radiation pollution of natural environments during oil production include the intake of radionuclides with associated waters, and sometimes with heavy HC fractions (resins, asphaltenes, etc.); the consequences of underground nuclear explosions at oil fields, as a result of which the territory in the zone of their influence has an increased radioactive background.
Keywords: chemical and radioactive pollution, oil production, associated waters, radionuclides, consequences of underground explosions, radium, deposits of drinking water.
УДК 539.16 (091)
Pechenkin I.G. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
ABOUT THE HISTORY DISCOVERING OF RADIOACTIVITY
It believed that the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics was deservedly award to Henri Becquerel, who «accidentally» discovered previously unknown rays and to the Curies, who selflessly paved the way systematically for future generations of researchers of the secrets of radioactivity. Almost 40 years earlier, Niepce de Saint-Victor described a more correct understanding of the process, ahead of time. Studying various substances to obtain a stable photographic emulsion, he immediately decided that the effect of uranium salts on a photographic plate caused by invisible radiation of matter, not associated with their fluorescence. Nowadays, many give priority in the discovery of radioactivity to Niepce de Saint-Victor.
Keywords: radioactivity, Becquerel, Niepce de Saint-Victor, Curie, Brauner.