CONTENTS № 11/2020
ON THE 75-TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT VICTORY
Antonenko L.A. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
THE STORY OF A FAMILY THAT SURVIVED THE WAR
The fate of one of the families of VIMS employees is described. Her contribution to the defense of Moscow, work on the labor front during the war. In the future, after receiving a geological education, research to strengthen the country’s mineral resource potential.
Keywords: VIMS, the Great Patriotic War, defense of Moscow, geology.
GEOLOGY & METHODICS OF PROSPECT & EXPLORATION OF DEPOSITS
УДК 553.2:551.2+551.7(571. 5/6)
Mashkovtsev G.A. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Korotkov V.V. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Rudnev V.V. (VIMS) // email@example.com
ORE-BEARING OF THE MESOZOIC TECTONICMAGMATIC ACTIVATION AREA OF THE EASTERN SIBERIA AND THE FAR EAST
The location and formation conditions of the main ore objects of the Mesozoic tectonic-magmatic activation area (TMA) of the Mongol-Okhotsk belt and adjacent territories are considered. Analysis of the ore-bearing is presented sequentially within the largest taxa of the TMA: activated structures of the MongolOkhotsk belt proper, the adjacent to the north southern margin of the Siberian craton and the Sikhote-Alin fragment of the West Pacific belt. It is shown that there are age and geologicalgenetic specificities of ore objects for each taxon. The considered ore formation conceptual models can be used as a methodological basis for predicting of the new objects of a predominantly hidden type.
Keywords: tectonic-magmatic activation, MongolOkhotsk and Pacific belts, plutonic-volcanic processes, collision, accretion, ore formation.
УДК 553.22, 550.812.1, 549.08:535.34
Zhunyov N.V. (Lomonosov Moscow state University, VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Bereznev M.V. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Rassulov V.A. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
DISTRIBUTION FEATURES AND DIAGNOSTICS HYDROTHERMAL METASOMATIC FORMATIONS WITHIN KUPOL ORE UNIT (CHUKOTKA AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT) Studies performed by hyperspectral IR spectroscopy on core samples from the Kupol gold-silver epithermal deposit (ChAO) revealed the composition of mica-hydromica metasomatic alterations. Based on the results of the analysis of the obtained data, individual minerals and groups of minerals were identified that mark the intervals of increased gold contents in the deposit.
Keywords: hyperspectral IR spectroscopy, Vis-NIRSWIR spectroscopy, hydrothermal-metasomatic changes, diagnostics of clay minerals, modern methods of mapping metasomatic changes, metasomatic zoning, epithermal gold deposits.
Asmatov I.Kh.(China Geological University ) // email@example.com
Oshurmamadov A.K. (FTOO «С.A. Minerals»)// firstname.lastname@example.org
Odinaev Sh.A.( MGRI-RGGRU) // email@example.com
PETROCHEMICAL FEATURES OF GRANITES ON THE AKJILGIN ORE FIELD (SOUTH-EAST PAMIR)
The work considers geology, petrochemistry, geodynamic conditions for the formation of granitoids of the Bazardara complex. It has been shown that the Bazardara complex is predominantly represented by sedimentary-metamorphic rocks, among which plutonic formations of medium and acid composition are found in subordinate quantities. Almost all silver ore occurrences are localized within the granitoids yields of the Bazardar complex. This also applies to rare-metal-tungsten-tin formation and other mineral formations. The rocks of the complex are the main ore-bearing formations.
Keywords: Akjilga, Bazardara complex, granite, intrusive rock, Bazarik, Bazardara massif.
УДК 550.839 + 550.8.05
Babayants P.S. (Aerogeophysica) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Kontarovich O.R. (Aerogeophysica) // email@example.com
Trusov A.A. (Aerogeophysica) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MODERN AIRBORNE GEOPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR FORECASTING, PROSPECTING AND EVALUATION OF DEPOSITS OF SOLID MINERALS
The role of modern airborne geophysical technologies in forecasting and searching for deposits is discussed. Modern modifications of airborne geophysical methods and their development prospects are considered, as well as features of using airborne geophysical technologies at different stages of geological prospecting. Modern approaches to geophysical modeling and complex data interpretation are analyzed.
Keywords: modern airborne geophysical technologies; forecast, search and evaluation; modeling; complex interpretation.
HYDROGEOLOGY & GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
Neradovskiy L.G. (Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS, Yakutsk) // email@example.com
Fedorova L.L.(Mining Institute of the North SB RAS, Yakutsk) // Larfirstname.lastname@example.org
MODELS OF THE RECONSTRUCTED SECTION OF THE «VILUY» ROAD IN YAKUTSK BASED ON GPR DATA
The results of studies of frozen soils by the GPR on the Viluy road in Yakutsk are presented. Mathematical processing and statistical analysis of the kinematic and dynamic attributes of GPR signals allowed the construction of structural and petrophysical models. On the basis of them, the main features and details of the very complex structure of the final engineering and geological model of the frozen ground base of the road are described. The error of the depth of the lithofacies and cryogenic (by temperature and iciness) boundaries of the frozen soils of the lake-swamp and alluvial genesis in 70% of cases amounted to ± 0.42 m.
Keywords: road, frozen soils, borehole, GPR, depth, delay time and pulse amplitude, attenuation coefficient, models.
TECHNIQUES & TECHNOLOGY
Baydyukov K.O. (RN-GRP (Rosneft)) // KBaydyukov@rn-grp.ru
Bravkov P.V. (Russian Energy Agency) // Bravkov@rosenergo.gov.ru
Zhdaneev O.V. (Russian Energy Agency) // Zhdaneev@rosenergo.gov.ru
Kononenko V.A. (RN-GRP (Rosneft)) // VKononenko@rn-grp.ru
ON PRIORITY DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF GRP TECHNOLOGIES IN RUSSIA
The paper covers the technical requirements for the future hydraulic fracturing fleet (operations / process and equipment) and its potential architectural structure. The critical importance to define the most promising architecture of the hydraulic fracturing fleet is a large-scale transition to the oil and gas production from unconventional reserves. This transition is due to a decrease in the level of production from traditional reservoirs and the target indicators of the Energy Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2035. A prospective hydraulic fracturing fleet should be able to perform work in an automatic mode with a pumping rate of up to 18 m3 /min, at working pressure of up to 100 MPa. The nature of the injection can vary depending on the properties of the reservoir, the proppant, fluid and specialized additives supply system must provide both pulsed and continuous injection into the formation.
Keywords: hydraulic fracturing, hydraulic fracturing fleet, production stimulation, hard-to-recover reserves, unconventional reserves.
BOWELS PROTECTION & ECOLOGY
УДК 624.121.537, 624.121.542, 624.131.537, 624.131.542, 624.131.543, 551.590.21
Orlova N.A. (SRU MSUCE) // email@example.com
Prasolov A.A. (SRU MSUCE) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Yagova N.V. (PhD in Physico-mathematical sciences, Leading Researcher, Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences)) // email@example.com
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF MECHANICAL DISTURBANCES CAUSED BY THUNDERSTORMS AND WEAK SEISMICITY ON LANDSLIDES ACTIVITY IN FORM BOARDS
During the reviewing of factors influencing on landslides’ development the correlation of these processes with the less studied of nearby thunderstorms and weak seismic activity was revealed. The first of these reasons is determined through the interrelation with solar activity, while the second one through the correlation of significant displacements of landslides with distant seismicity and on a trigger effect of process appearance. It is proposed to create a comprehensive geophysical testing ground to study the impact of meteorological and seismic processes on the level of landslide activity.
Keywords: landslides, thunders, database, climate, Sun-Earth relations.
Dolgopolova O.N. (RN-Middle Eastern company) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MODERN METHODS OF EMERGENCY ELIMINATION OIL SPILLS DURING OFFSHORE OPERATION PETROSHIPPING TERMINALS
Emergency spills of oil and petroleum products that occur at mining and refining facilities, as well as during their transportation, cause enormous damage to the environment, lead to significant losses and have negative social consequences.
Keywords: emergency oil spills, oil spill response methods, offshore oil terminal.
УДК 338.484:551.442 (470.341)
Kolomiets A.M. (NNGASU) // email@example.com
Kochurov E.Yu. (Rosgeologia) // firstname.lastname@example.org
TO JUSTIFY THE CREATION OF A UNESCO GEOPARK IN RUSSIA (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ICHALKOVSKY CAVE COMPLEX IN THE NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION)
In 2015, at its 38th session, UNESCO approved a fundamentally new type of protected area — the UNESCO Global Geopark. Currently, this direction is intensively developing in the world, more than 140 Geoparks have been created in 41 countries. There is only one geopark in Russia — «YanganTau» in Bashkiria. There are all the prerequisites for the creation of other Geoparks in our country. One of the promising objects is the Ichalkovsky cave complex in the Ichalkovsky relict forest of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The prerequisites for the creation of a UNESCO Geopark on its basis are considered.
Keywords: cave complex, karst, relict forest, geopark, stratigraphic zone, flora and fauna.