CONTENTS № 4/2020
ON THE 75-TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT VICTORY
Mashkovtsev G.A. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Lapteva A.M. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Filippocheva M.V. (VIMS) // email@example.com
GEOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTION TO THE VICTORY IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR
This article is prepared in regard with the upcoming 75-th anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War. It reflects the state of the mineral resource base and the production of solid minerals — ferrous, non-ferrous, alloying metals and coal — significant for the military industry, providing for the needs of the national economy, and primarily of the militarytechnical industry, which increased significantly during the war period. The volumes of temporary decrease in mineral
production due to occupation of territories with large deposits during the first years of war are shown. The article provides the data on consistent increase of solid mineral reserves and mining in the eastern regions of the country, where thanks to the heroic efforts of geologists, miners, builders and other specialists, a mineral resource base was created, which significantly exceeded the pre-war one in terms of its quantitative and qualitative parameters. The main objects being developed during the war and the importance of the leading regions in creating the mineral and mining potential of the country have been consistently considered. The conclusion shows the positive changes in the reserves and production of significant solid minerals in the country as a whole from the prewar period to the end of the war, which ensured the production of significant volumes of military equipment and substantially became the key to the victory of the Soviet Union.
Keywords: mineral resource base, ferrous, nonferrous, alloying metals, coal, mining, production of minerals, the Great Patriotic War.
GEOLOGY & METHODICS OF PROSPECT & EXPLORATION OF DEPOSITS
Kogarko L.N. ((Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry RAS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
ORE POTENTIAL OF ALKALINE ROCKS
On the example of the formation of loparite, eudialyte, and apatite ores of the Kola Peninsula, it is shown that an early saturation of alkaline magma with respect to the ore mineral should be a necessary condition for the formation of a mag
matic deposit. An important factor should be active convection in the magma chamber, which causes sorting the mineral phases, which leads to the accumulation of ore minerals resulting in formation of magmatic deposits.
Keywords: formation of rare-metal deposits, Kola Peninsula, alkaline massifs, loparite ores, eudialyte deposits, apatite ores.
Nikolskaya N.E. (VIMS) // email@example.com
THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE COMPOSITION OF ORE-FORMING CHROME SPINEL FROM DIFFERENT STRUCTURAL-MATERIAL COMPLEX OF URAL ALPINE-TYPE ULTRAMAFIC MASSIFS
The comparative analysis the composition of ore-forming chrome spinel for the deposits and ore occurrences of different structural and compositional complexes of three Ural alpine-type ultramafic massifs has been carried out. The general and specific typochemical parameters for the considered massifs and for the structural-material complex were revealed.
Keywords: Ural alpine-type ultramafic massifs, typochemical parameters of oreforming chrome-spinel, structural-material complexes.
УДК 553.411 (571.56)
Stepanov V.A. (NIGTTS FEB RAS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Melnikov A.V. (IGIP FEB RAS) // email@example.com
ABOUT GOLD PLACEMENT OF THE TURANIAN METALLOGENIC ZONE OF THE PRIAMURSKAYA PROVINCE
The results of the study the prospects of gold mineralization Turanian metallogenic zone of the Priamurskaya province are presented. The geological structure and gold content of
ore-placer knots are described. On the identification of commercial mineralization are the most promising goldsilver formation Simichinsky and Arkharinsky knots and gol-sulphidequartz — Aleunsky. Blades mining placers of Arkharinsky knot are of interest as technogenic placers. Keywords: metallogenic zone, ore-placer knot, gold, deposit, placer.
Odinaev Sh.A. ( FGBOU VO «Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze» (MGRI)) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Litvinenko A.K. ( FGBOU VO «Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze» (MGRI)) // email@example.com
Fedorov A.V. ( FGBOU VO «Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze» (MGRI)) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Avezov M.N. (Tajik National University) // email@example.com
Yatimov U.A. (Institute of Mineralogy SU FRC MG UB RAS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
METASOMASOMATIC CARBONATITES FROM THE DEPOSIT OF JEWELERY SCAPOLITE MONTENEGRIN, CENTRAL PAMIR
Carbonate rocks similar to marbles and carbonatites have been established in the deposits of the jewelry scapolite Montenegrin. They contain gabbroids, large-crystalline amphibolites (albitephlogopite-hornblende composition) and albitites. Metasomatic carbonatites are dominated by calcite (70 %) and dolomite (15 %). Minor minerals (15 %) are represented by phlogopite, hornblende, albite, scapolite, apatite, titanite, rutile, etc. They contain elevated levels of Nb, Zr, W, REE. The shape of the bodies is lenticular, thickness from 0.2 to 5 m, length up to 15, rarely up to 80 m. They arose as a result of the replacement of silicates and other minerals with carbonate minerals. This process occurred at the latest stage of endogenous activity. Determining their metasomatic genesis will help to avoid errors in large-scale mapping, in which apo limestone and apodolomite marbles are used as marking horizons. The increased content of rare and rare-earth elements in the minerals allows us to consider them as a search feature of ore mineralization. Keywords: Central Pamir, Muskol-Rangkulsky anticlinorium, Muzkola series, sarydzhilginskaya series, kukart complex, deposits of jewelry scapolite Montenegrin, carbonate lenses, metasomatic carbonatites.
Davydov V.A. (Institute of Geophysics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg) // email@example.com
Baydikov S.V. (Institute of Geophysics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Gorshkov V.Yu. (Institute of Geophysics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg) // email@example.com
REMOTE INDUCTION SOUNDINGS WITH THE STUDY OF THE POLARIZATION-FREQUENCY EFFECT ON ORE OBJECTS
The results of researches of frequency dispersion of electrical resistivity during induction soundings in ore districts of the Middle Urals are considered. The methodology of field observations and the basic principles of data processing are described. General idea of the geological situation at the work sites and a brief description of investigated ore deposits are given.
Keywords: Induced polarization, frequency dispersion of resistivity, induction, ore deposits.
HYDROGEOLOGY & GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
Domarenko V.A. (National research Tomsk Polytechnic University) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Savichev O.G. (National research Tomsk Polytechnic University) // OSavichev@mail.ru
Peregudina E.V. (National research Tomsk Polytechnic University) // email@example.com
Lepokurova O.E. (Tomsk branch of the Institute of petroleum Geology and Geophysics. A.A. Тrofimuka SB RAS) // LepokurovaOY@ipgg.sbras.ru
Wilgelm E.A. (National research Tomsk Polytechnic University ) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF BOTTOM SEDIMENTS OF THE OMUTNAYA RIVER WITHIN THE TUGAN PLACER NODE (TOMSK REGION)
Research of existential changes mineral and a chemical compound of the Omutnaya river sediments is executed. Omutnaya in 2018–2019 in limits of Southern-Akeksandrovsky and (in part) Malinovsky sites of the Tugan placer unit (Tomsk suburb, Tomsk region; the basic products of ore sand enrichment are zircon, ilmenite and leikoksen concentrates). It is established that mineral and a chemical composition of sandy and clay particles of river sediments changes within hydrological year and on length of the Omutnaya river in limits of the Tugan placer unit. At constantly high contents of quartz during all seasons, during a spring flood there is an increase in a share of chlorite, and from sources to a mouth
growth of concentration of a lot of elements is marked. During the summer-autumnal and winter period occurs division of sediments due to gradual carrying out and destruction of particles of easy fraction and accumulation of heavy particles fraction, including the particles which containing ilmenite and zircon. The accumulation of iron minerals is possible in river systems and in modern conditions.
Keywords: real composition, mineral composition, chemical composition, river sediments, the Omutnaya river, the Tugan placer unit, Western Siberia.
УДК. 553.493.34 : 556.314 : 553.041
Klyucharev D.S. ( IMGRE) // email@example.com
Mikheeva E.D. (Hydrocpetcgeologya) // firstname.lastname@example.org
ON THE GRADE OF LITHIUM AND BY-PRODUCTS IN LITHIUM-BEARING INDUSTRIAL GROUNWATERS OF POTENTIALLY PERSPECTIVE TERRITORIES OF RUSSIA
In this article are considered main aspects of the lithiumbearing industrial groundwaters. The genetic classification of lithium-bearing groundwaters, grade of lithium, rubidium, and caesium in brines, and localization factors are given. This article shows a brief review of the territories of the Russian Federation that are potentially perspective for this type of hydromineral raw materials. Conclusions on the necessary actions for the industrial development of lithium-bearing industrial groundwaters are made.
Keywords: lithium, lithium content, mineral raw materials, industrial groundwater, potential areas.
TECHNIQUES & TECHNOLOGY
Chikisheva T.A. ( PC «Spirit» Irkutsk, Irkutsk State University, Institute of the earth’s crust SB RAS, Irkutsk ) // email@example.com
Prokopev S.A. ( Irkutsk State University, Institute of the earth’s crust SB RAS, Irkutsk ) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Prokopev E.S. ( PC «Spirit» Irkutsk, Institute of the earth’s crust SB RAS, Irkutsk ) // email@example.com
Schulgina M.E. ( PC «Spirit», Irkutsk ) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MINERALOGICAL FEATURES OF ASSOCIATED COPPER MINERALIZATION AT PRAVOURMIISKOE TIN ORE DEPOSIT
The article contains the data from the complex mineralogical study of the ores from the Pravourmiysky deposit using optical methods, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray spectral microanalysis. The authors studied in detail the composition of copper-sulfide mineralization and associated valuable components. The data obtained make it possible to consider the ores of the deposit to be complex and promising for the extraction of rare metals.
Keywords: tin ores, copper minerals, complex ores
BOWELS PROTECTION & ECOLOGY
УДК 502.05, 502.6, 504.5.06
Orlova N.A. (SRU MSUCE AO, Leading Geologist of «Central PGO» JSC Rusgeology) // NAOrlova@rusgeology.ru
SOME OBSERVATION PROBLEMS IN STATE MONITORING OF EXOGENOUS PROCESSES IN CENTRAL FEDERAL DISTRICT TERRITORY
The main problems in the state monitoring organization of exogenous geological processes in the territory of the Central Federal District are considered, examples of karst-suffosion and landslide phenomena in different years are given. Some solutions to the emerged situation have been proposed.
Keywords: monitoring, landslides, karst, undermining area