CONTENTS № 3/2020
ON THE 75-TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT VICTORY
Antonenko L.A. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Pechenkin I.G. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Serper N.A. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
VIMS DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR
From the first day of the World War II, the activity of VIMS was transferred to military rails. Employees were sent to mining enterprises, providing raw materials to operating factories evacuated to the east. The problem of supplying industry with coal, tin, rare metals, nickel, manganese, bauxite and other minerals was solved through well-known and new deposits in the eastern regions of the USSR. Diamond deposits were discovered, explored and successfully exploited in the Urals. Since July 1943, the conduct and coordination of research and geological prospecting for uranium raw materials has been entrusted to VIMS. The VIMS technologists and geologists worked hard to strengthen the country’s mineral and raw material base, quickly assessed the enrichment of the identified raw materials sources, developed and implemented
effective schemes for its extraction and industrial processing in production. More than 200 employees of the institute were awarded government and industry awards and two Stalin Prizes for their dedicated professional work.
Keywords: The Great Patriotic War, VIMS, minerals, exploration, technological research.
УДК 339.13: 669.15-198: 546.6: 546.7: 546.8
Volkov A.I. (Bardin Central Research Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy) // email@example.com
POSITION AND PROSPECTS OF USING RARE METALS IN FERROUS METALLURGY
Areas of application of rare metals in ferrous metallurgy are considered. Data on the volume of their production and consumption for the production of ferroalloys, steel and other alloys are given. It is noted that for almost all rare elements, except niobium, there is a significant decrease in their consumption for the production of steel and alloys in comparison with the times of the USSR (from 2 to 10 times). The problems of production of ferroalloys, tool, stainless, high-speed, structural steels were discussed. The issues of mineral resource base, problems of providing raw materials for the production of alloys containing rare metals are considered. The results of calculations of exports and imports of products obtained from metallurgical products with rare metals are presented. The dependence of Russia on the supply of end products with rare metals and export-oriented model of production of alloys with rare metals was revealed.
Keywords: rare metals, ferroalloys, ligatures, steel, market analysis, balance of production and consumption, mineral resource base, metal concentrates, metallurgical production.
Bykhovskiy L.Z. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Pikalova V.S. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Likhnikevich E.G. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
THE SEQUENCE DEVELOPMENT OF RARE EARTHS AND SCANDIUM RAW SOURCES
Russia occupies a leading position in terms of rare-earth metals and scandium reserves in the world. There are represented natural and anthropogenic deposits (20 deposits of rare-earth metals and 9 deposits of scandium consider in State Reserves Register); anthropogenic formations with unaccounted reserves (but significant forecast resources), as well as significant reserves of monazite concentrate. Real, potential and promising sources are selected and the sequence of their development are substantiated.
Keywords: rare earth elements, scandium, natural and anthropogenic sources, sequence of development.
Volkov A.V. (IGEM) // email@example.com
Galyamov A.L. (IGEM) // firstname.lastname@example.org
GEODYNAMIC SETTING OF LARGE DEPOSITS OF STRATEGIC METALS IN THE ARCTIC ZONE OF RUSSIA
The article considers the results of studying the correlation of metallogeny with geodynamic setting of large deposits of strategic metals in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF) by GIS-analysis methods. The similarity of geodynamic conditions of formation of Nevada and the Sakyndza area Carlin type gold deposits (CTGD) is revealed that confirms high prospects of opening the CTGD in this Arctic region of Yakutia. New ore districts with CTGD predicted throughout Chersko-Poluosninsky fold-thrust belts (Kolyma loop). The presented materials show high prospects for the discovery of a new metallogenic province of CTGD in the North-East of Russia.
Keywords: Arctic zone, large deposits, strategic metals, Carlin type, forecast
Gerasimova L.G. (IHTREMS KSC RAS, Apatity) // email@example.com
Nikolaev A.I. (IHTREMS KSC RAS, Apatity) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Artemenkov A.G. (IHTREMS KSC RAS, Apatity) // email@example.com PEROVSKIT — A PERSPECTIVE RAW MATERIAL FOR THE PRODUCTION OF TITANIUM AND TINANCONTAINING PRODUCTS
The mechanical activation of a hydrated product (GP), isolated during the treatment of perovskite with nitric acid, leads to the dispersion of particles, amorphization of their surface and the formation of microdefects, which significantly increases its chemical activity during interaction with sulfuric acid. It is advisable to carry out mechanical activation for 4–5 hours, which is associated with increased hardness of the components of GP (rutile and anatase). The degree of extraction of the components in the sulfuric liquid phase rises to 80–85 % in TiO2. The results can be used to implement the nitric-sulfuric acid version of perovskite technology to obtain functional titanium-containing materials.
Keywords: perovskite, hydrated product, mechanical activation, amorphization of particles, acid treatment, functional materials.
Kurkov A.V. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Mamoshin M.Yu. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Anufrieva S.I. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Avdonin G.I. (VIMS) // email@example.com
MOLECULAR RECOGNITION IONITES — A BREAKTHROUGH DIRECTION FOR THE SELECTIVE EXTRACTION OF HIGH-TECH METALS
A review of molecular recognition technology applications in the hydrometallurgy field abroad is presented. The features of the synthesis of molecular recognition ionites and the advantages of the use thereof are described, with key companies producing new types of sorbents presented. Analysis is made of main foreign technical solutions in the sphere of high-tech metals extraction from various types of industrial and natural solutions.
Keywords: molecular recognition technology, ionites, solutions, metal ions, selective extraction.
Levchenko E.N. (IMGRE) // firstname.lastname@example.org
INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR PROCESSING NON-CONDITIONAL TITANIUM AND ZIRCONIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES AND PRODUCTION OF LIQUID COMMODITY PRODUCTS
The article describes the quality characteristics of titanium and zirconium concentrates obtained in the enrichment of placer deposits in Russia. The analysis of the reasons for the discrepancy of their quality to the requirements of consumers. Examples of developed developments of innovative technologies for processing substandard titanium and zirconium mineral concentrates and obtaining liquid marketable products are given.
Keywords: ilmenite, rutile, zircon, baddeleyite, innovative technologies.
УДК 339.13: 553.3
Petrov I.M. Research Group Infomine) // email@example.com
Belousova E.V. (Research Group Infomine) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Petrova A.I. (Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources Russian Academy of Sciences) // email@example.com
THE DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY TRANSPORT — THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF GROWTH IN GLOBAL DEMAND FOR HIGH-TECH RARE METALS
The article presents a new segmentation of rare metals in terms of their main market use. The development of the lithium market in connection with the expansion of the production of electric vehicles is considered. A forecast of neodymium consumption based on the prospects of wind energy and electric transport is presented. A comparison of the structure of REM consumption in Russia and China is shown, a conclusion is drawn about the low level of use of rare metals in high-tech industries in our country.
Keywords: rare metals, lithium, neodymium, renewable energy, wind energy, electric cars.
УДК 546.650+ 66.061 +661.863/.868
Galieva Zh.N. (Laboratory of Innovative Technologies LLC ) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Abramov A.M. ( Skygrad Group of Companies) // email@example.com
Sobol Yu.B. ( Skygrad Group of Companies) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Gerya V.O. (Laboratory of Innovative Technologies LLC) // email@example.com
UNIVERSAL TECHNOLOGY FOR SEPARATION OF REE BY EXTRACTION IN CENTRIFUGAL EXTRACTORS FROM CONCENTRATES OBTAINED FROM DOMESTIC MINERAL RAW MATERIALS: DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT, DEVELOPMENT OF PRODUCTION, PROSPECTS
The article discusses promising sources of rare-earth raw materials, shows the achievements of the Laboratory of Innovative Technologies in the field of production and separation of rare-earth elements, and describes the technology of separation of concentrates with prospects for further development.
Keywords: rare earth elements, phosphogypsum, tributyl phosphate, individual REE, extraction, Cyanex 572, Versatic 10.
Prasolov A.M. (MGRI-RGGRU) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Ignatov P.A. (MGRI-RGGRU) // email@example.com
ABOUT THE XII ALL-RUSSIAN OPEN GEOLOGICAL OLYMPIAD «EARTH AND MAN»
Sustainable development of the country’s mineral resource base begins with personnel. The training of the personnel reserve of the mining and geological industry begins from the school bench. The All-Russian Open Geological Olympiad «Earth and Man», held by the MGRI, the Federal Agency for Subsoil Use, and the Russian Geological Society, promotes the involvement of schoolchildren in the children and youth geological movement of Russia and makes it possible to identify the most talented of them.
Keywords: career guidance, Earth sciences, All-Russian Olympiad, children and youth geological movement.