CONTENTS № 8/2019
Oganesyan L.V. (ROSGEO) // firstname.lastname@example.org
ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DECISIONS OF THE LAST ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS OF GEOLOGISTS IN PREPARATION FOR THE NEXT IX CONGRESS
The content and level of implementation of the decisions contained in the resolutions of the 5 previous all-Russian congresses held from 2000 to 2016 are critically reviewed. It is noted that these congresses mainly addressed issues in the aspect of a narrow interpretation of the concept of «subsoil use», covering the legal framework of access to subsoil and extraction of mineral resources. The problems of multi-purpose geological study of mineral resources and expanded reproduction of SMEs with the horizon for 10-15 years were in the background. An unreasonably large number of reports excluded the possibility of their discussion through a broad and business discussion. Most of the fundamental decisions of the congresses on the formation of a system for studying the subsoil have not been implemented, as a result of which the exhaustion of the search reserve has become a real fact. Measures proryvnom effectiveness of the next 9-th Congress by defining its purpose for development and identify ways of implementing drastic measures, recovery-oriented search reserve and recreation system multi-purpose geological exploration of mineral resources.
Keywords: the level of effectiveness of V-VIII congresses of geologists; problems of geological survey; strategic omissions; exhaustion of the search reserve; fundamentals of state policy of geological study of subsoil; the concept of geological education; system-forming problems; reconstruction of the system of multi-purpose geological study of subsoil.
GEOLOGY & METHODICS OF PROSPECT & EXPLORATION OF DEPOSITS
Pechenkin I.G. (VIMS) // email@example.com
Lugovskaya I.G. (VIMS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
CONTRIBUTION OF VIMS IN CREATING DOMESTIC SYNTHETIC CORUNDUM
For more than a century, European experts have solved the problem of creating artificial corundum. Soviet scientists, creators of the domestic production of artificial ruby and sapphire, had to experimentally solve numerous technological problems and create their own equipment. A great scientific achievement of VIMS was the development of a technology for the production of artificial corundum and the design of the first pilot plant in the USSR to produce it instead of imported one.
Keywords: VIMS, synthetic corundum, ruby, sapphire, Syromyatnikov, Chernorechensky Chemical Plant.
Sokolov S.V. (VSEGEI) // Sergey_Sokolov@vsegei.ru
Marchenko A.G. (VSEGEI) // email@example.com
OPTIMIZATION OF THE NETWORK AND DENSITY OF SAMPLING DURING AREAL GEOCHEMICAL WORKS AS A FACTOR IN INCREASING FORECAST RELIABILITY
To date, in Russia the semi-quantitative methods of analysis have been widely used for areal geochemical works at various scales. The high error of the methods is partly compensated by the excessive density of sampling networks. The necessity of the sampling networks optimization with a decrease in their density, the transition from semi-quantitative to quantitative methods of analysis, and exclusion of high-order watercourses from testing of alluvium in lithochemical prospecting for dispersion flows are substantiated.
Keywords: geochemical works, sampling networks, sample analysis methods, secondary haloes, dispersion flows, anomalous geochemical field, probability of target detecting.
УДК 553.3: 550.8.056: 550.837.311
Kuzin A.V. (Ural state Mining University) // Kuzinfirstname.lastname@example.org
RESEARCH PROFILE OF ROCK WEATHERING CRUST BEREZOVSKY GOLD DEPOZIT BY VEZ
The subject of research are the values of the electrical resistivity of the weathering crust of clay rocks near the gold-bearing dykes of granite porphyry. The purpose of research – to find a geological explanation of the facts of raising and lowering the electrical resistance of eluvial and diluvial loams at different depths of the cut. Methods of study – detailed work by VES, the construction of the vertical resistivity maps, interpretation of VES curves, the use of drilling data, geological materials. Increase of electrical resistance layers eluvium enriched secondary quartz minerals, especially near the dykes of granite porphyry. Results of the study can be used in the interpretation of VES curves to identify and clarify the profile of the weathering crust rocks.
Keywords: weathering crust rocks, VEZ electroinvestigation.
TECHNIQUES & TECHNOLOGY
Trus hin S.I. (Polymetal of UK) // Trushin@polymetal.ru
Osetskiy A.I. (Polymetal of UK) // Osetskiy@polymetal.ru
Malykh M.Yu. (Polymetal of UK) // MalyhMY@polymetal.ru
Pak A.V. (OGK of Groups) // email@example.com
Shengalts A.I. (OGK of Groups) // firstname.lastname@example.org
MANAGEMENT OF ROUTES OF THE INCLINED DIRECTED WELLS WHEN DRILLING IN PERMAFROST ROCKS WITH DIFFICULT TECTONICS
The article presents the results of the passive control technology of the directional wells trajectory during drilling in permafrost rocks with complex tectonics at the silver-polymetallic Deposit Prognoz. The main purpose of drilling is further exploration of known ore zones, their delineation by fall and strike, geological study of ore zones, as well as assessment of mineralization distribution to depth.
Keywords: drilling, well paths, passive method.
Mendebaev T.N. (Association with limit liability «Scientifically-promotional center Almas», Kazakhstan) // email@example.com
Smashov N.J. (Association with limit liability «Scientifically-promotional center Almas», Kazakhstan) // firstname.lastname@example.org
DESIGN FEATURES AND TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIES OF DUAL-CHAMBER ROTARY HYDRAULIC MACHINE FOR DRILLING WELLS WITH LATERAL TRUNKS
The object of the study is a constructive scheme of a two-chamber rotary hydraulic machine for drilling multi-hole wells, the possibility to achieve high energy characteristics. The analysis of the existing schemes of downhole hydraulic machines in the field of drilling wells, the conditions of application showed that the design and technological capabilities for the wiring of multi-hole wells is the most acceptable rotary hydraulic machine. To study the selected scheme of the rotor hydraulic machine, which provides for the conversion of the weight of the column of the working fluid at the time of rotation, increasing the length of the shoulder moments of force, increasing the value of the starting torque of the hydraulic machine in operation. The dependence of the torque on the magnitude of the angle of attack of the flow rate and weight of the liquid column, the length of the shoulder. Resources of improvement of the scheme, assessment of technological advantages are specified.
Keywords: drilling, well, trunk, bottom hole, circuit, rotor, hydraulic machine, two-chamber, moment of force, liquid.
MANAGEMENT & ECONOMICS
Tselyuk D.I. (Krasnoyarsk Research Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources) // email@example.com
Tselyuk I.N. (Russian State Geological Holding ROSGEO, Siberian Production Geological Association) // firstname.lastname@example.org
OLD TAILS OF PROCESSING OF GOLD ORE: INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL AND PROSPECTS OF INVOLVEMENT IN REPEATED PROCESSING
The level of gold production in the Russian Federation is not supported by reserves of developed deposits. Trends in recent years indicate that in the near future the growth of the reserve of the raw materials base of gold is possible only at the expense of small deposits. On the example of scientific-technological researches of gold-containing lying tailings of the Soviet Mill, the possibility of involving technogenic raw materials in industrial production is shown. The development of this new area of mineral resource use can create all the necessary prerequisites for the further development of known gold mining regions.
Keywords: mining waste, technogenic raw materials, material composition, gold, recycling technology, resource potential.
BOWELS PROTECTION & ECOLOGY
Onuchin A.A. (Institute of the wood of V.N. Sukachyov of the Siberian office of RAS) // email@example.com
Shishikin A.S. (Institute of the wood of V.N. Sukachyov of the Siberian office of RAS) // firstname.lastname@example.org
Korosteleva Yu.A. (Institute of the wood of V.N. Sukachyov of the Siberian office of RAS) // JuliaKorosteleva10@mail.ru
ASSESSMENT OF HYDROLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF LAYING OF GEOPHYSICAL PROFILES IN THE AVERAGE TAIGA OF THE SOUTHERN EVENKIA
Ecological effect of disturbance of natural ecosystems under the influence of geophysical profiles construction discussed in the paper. The assessment of the impact of man-made ecosystems on the environment of Southern Evenkia is given. The creation of profiles is not significantly increased snow accumulating landscape functions (0.25 mm or 1% of the total mean value of solid precipitation). In view of the of inter-seasonal variations of precipitation, cutting of geophysical profiles through the wood cannot affect the surface runoff.
Keywords: anthropogenic disturbances of vegetation, snow accumulation, larch forests, geophysical profiles, Evenkia.